Workforce Development and Public Policy
Several pieces of state and federal legislation within the United States apply the term Workforce Development to label youth vocational training programs, adult training and retraining, and associated employment programs. The Federal Workforce Investment Act in 1998 reinforced the incorporated system of financing. In 2000, Florida crafted legislation that created Workforce Florida, which handles both workforce and welfare policies. The state of Ohio has also made legislative and policy changes. The Department of Education, Department of Job and Family Services, and the Board of Regents all have office of Workforce Development or Education. In addition to public policy changes, adult educators and human resource development professionals have begun to employ the term within their respective fields as well.
The Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act was signed into law in July 2014 by President Obama. This piece of legislation was designed to aid job seekers to access employment, support services, education, and training in order to succeed within the labor market and offer employers’ skilled workers that are prepared to compete within global markets. This was the first legislative reform in 15 years to the public workforce.